NEP 2020: Implementation of New Education Policy in our education system – education
The Union cabinet in July 2020 approved the New Education Policy (NEP), which aims to universalize education from preschool to secondary level.
NEP-2020, which will replace the 1986 National Education Policy, is an inclusive framework that focuses on the level of basic education to higher education in the country.
As the goal of any education system is to benefit children so that no child misses the opportunity to learn and excel due to birth or background circumstances, NEP-20202 has a goal of 100% Gross Enrollment Rate (GEER), in school education by 2030.
The Policy reaffirms that closing social gaps in access, participation and learning outcomes in school education will continue to be one of the main objectives of all development programs in the education sector.
Many governmental and non-governmental surveys conducted in recent years had hinted at the precarious state of the “learning crisis” in India. However, the real picture emerged after the National Council for Educational Research and Training (NCERT) conducted a National Achievement Survey (NAS), which had the able support of the Union Ministry of Education.
The survey aimed to understand how effectively the school system in the country works in terms of student learning. It was held nationwide on November 13, 2017 for Classes III, V, and VIII in government and government-funded schools. It was by far the largest evaluation survey conducted in the country and is also one of the largest conducted in the world.
The findings indicated that students in 12 states scored significantly below the national average in math ability. NAS identifies learning as a great challenge facing Indian education. The next few years are critical, as India could lose 10 million rupees or more of students due to learning losses and lead to illiteracy unless appropriate action is not taken soon.
Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal said the NEP’s core principles are to give top priority to achieving basic literacy and numeracy of all students for Grade III, which the government has committed to achieving. by 2025.
To translate this particular vision of NEP-2020, within the framework of the ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ program, a National Initiative for Proficiency (NIP) in Reading with Comprehension and Numeracy (NIPUN-Bharat) will soon be launched. This mission will meet the learning needs of nearly five million children in the 3-11 age group. The mission will also take a holistic approach and actively engage all stakeholders to achieve the objectives.
The NEP would transform the education sector in the country as it focuses on making education accessible, equitable and inclusive, but only if it is implemented at all levels.
The main challenge is to implement the highly comprehensive NEP 2020. Before we talk about implementation, let’s understand why any policy fails.
There may be four main contributors to policy failure
Very optimistic expectations: Due to over-optimism, there is an underestimation of the cost and time to implement a policy.
Implementation in dispersed governance: when policy is tailor-made to suit everyone, regardless of their limitations.
3. Inadequate collaborative policy making: lack of collaboration with all stakeholders
4. Political cycle bums: Policymakers focus on short-term results, as they do not want to be labeled for failure, and take credit for passed legislation rather than implementation.
Therefore, to implement NEP 2020 we must work on some significant challenges.
Content, curriculum and pedagogy
The 10 + 2 structure of the school curricula will be replaced by a 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 curricular structure corresponding to the ages of 3 to 8, 8 to 11, 11 to 14 and 14 to 18 years, respectively. The new system will have 12 years of schooling with three years of Anganwadi or preschool.
In order to implement the changes at each level, a complete restructuring of the curriculum, pedagogy and content must be carried out according to the NCF (National Curriculum Framework) and the content rubrics must be revised to modify the textbooks. text.
Combination of technology with the teaching and learning process
National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT) will create a regulatory body to use technology for better learning outcomes. NEAT aims to use artificial intelligence to make learning more personalized and personalized based on student requirements. He even proposes creating a national alliance with EdTech companies for a better learning experience.
But a big challenge here is establishing a robust digital infrastructure that is even adapted to remote areas.
The proposal to establish a national assessment center, PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Comprehensive Development) is to maintain regular control of the educational system. The Strengthening Teaching-Learning and Outcomes for States (STARS) project will include CERC (Contingency Emergency Response Component) that will help the Government address learning losses due to school closings or any emergencies that arise in the state.
NEP 2020 now recognizes the need to assess “higher-order skills, such as analysis, critical thinking, and conceptual clarity,” and therefore shift the focus of competency-based grade assessments. The grading system should now be different, there will be an urgent need to change the questions so that they have related answers, where depending on the ability of the child who answers and based on the answers the scores could be calculated.
Teacher training and availability
NEP 2020 talks about creating higher performance standards for teachers, clearly establishing the role of the teacher at the different levels of experience / stage and competencies required for that stage. Teachers will also need to receive digital training to integrate into digital learning processes.
How to successfully implement NEP
To implement NEP successfully at all levels, the government will need to create incentives for stakeholders so that implementation is smooth and consistent.
2. Formulate instruments in the form of legal, normative, regulatory and institutional mechanisms
3. Build reliable information repositories
4. Develop adaptability among HEIs, regulatory bodies, and government agencies.
5. Develop credibility through transparent actions and the participation of all stakeholders.
6. develop sound management principles
In fact, schools will need to redefine the teaching and learning process for proper implementation of NEP 2020 to truly witness a transformational trajectory for a phenomenal outcome.
Schools must focus on reading, writing, and numeracy skills to achieve a remarkable metamorphosis in children’s reading, writing, and speaking skills up to Class III. Schools will need to review teaching and learning strategies.
* Emphasize practical and experiential learning that will lead to instilling the creativity and critical thinking skills of the 21st century in children.
* There needs to be a tectonic change in the pedagogical structure where the learning result should not be based on the completion of the course but on the understanding of the subject.
* The evaluation, as I said before, needs a complete renovation. The evaluation should not define a child in terms of grades, but should be the result of a qualitative analysis of the child. How every child is different and the same question can be understood in many ways by different children.
* An integration of technology in education with a component of digital literacy, scientific temperament and computational thinking is needed for a comprehensive student learning experience.
* Vocational or skills-based learning must also be included from class VI.
* Teachers should be encouraged to be bilingual, as studies show that children learn different languages quickly at an early age. Until Class V education can be delivered in the mother tongue if possible.
* There will not be strong discrimination between subjects and disciplines. Children will be encouraged to undertake multidisciplinary projects for better learning outcomes.
The NEP, which is designed to ease the burden of classroom teaching and examination for students, will play an important role in shaping the future of the country. However, its success lies in a uniform and transparent implementation at all levels, with an equitable distribution of resources. This gigantic task can only be carried out when there is 100% cooperation and collaboration between the Central Government, the State and the Ministry of Education.
(The author, Dr. Bijaya Kumar Sahoo, is founder and chair of the SAI’s International Education Group, advisor to the Odisha government on the implementation of NEP. Opinions expressed here are personal).