The goal of the National Education Policy (NEP) -2020 is to build a complete personality of an individual, an official from Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) said here on Wednesday.
Akhil Bharatiya Sah-pracharak Sunil Ambekar of RSS also alleged that the British educational system destroyed the educational system that was prevalent in the country prior to his arrival.
He was speaking about ‘Rashtriya Shiksha Niti Ujjwal Bharat Ki Aur’ in a two-day lecture series here.
“People think that there was no education system in India and that it was brought into the country by the British, which is wrong,” he said.
“I feel like India has the oldest educational system in the world. They had created a system such that the values they imparted remained the same for generations. We need to understand this goal. When we talk about NEP-2020, we must ask ourselves why we need this educational policy and what we are creating through it, ”he said.
“Your educational system will depend on how you look at social life and human beings … We need to know what the educational system was like before the arrival of the new educational policy and what it was like years ago.
“Many people believe that education came to the country only after the arrival of the British and that it developed thanks to them. But we all know that there were many educational facilities in our country before the arrival of the British, ”he said.
Ambekar said that the educational system in India was slowly destroyed after the British arrived in India.
“It was actually the beginning of the destruction of our educational system,” he said.
Citing a report, he said that in 1830 there were a lakh of schools in Bengal and Bihar, and similarly in the presidencies of Bombay, Madras, and Punjab.
By 1858, the British had enrolled just 20,000 students in 452 schools and colleges in the 21st district of the Madras presidency.
“On the contrary, there were already 11,000 schools before them and it had 1,094 schools and 1,57,195 students studied in schools and 5,403 students studied in schools. He clearly indicated that they did not improve the educational system, rather they finished it, ”he said.
Furthermore, he argued that the British education system was elitist and was a vehicle for promoting caste privilege rather than a vehicle for the betterment of all.
Pre-British schools had teachers of all castes, including SC and ST, he said.
On NEP-2020, he said: “The goal of the new educational policy is the complete development of an individual’s personality.” Primary education will have two main components which are basic literacy and numeracy, he said, adding: “Our old educational system had three important sutras: reading, writing and arithmetic and, after a long break, these three principles have gained importance. in primary. education rather than the weight of bags. “Likewise, importance has been given to languages and the use of the mother tongue or local language in primary education.
Additionally, research has also been emphasized, Ambekar said.