Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

National Education Day: Why it is celebrated on Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s birth anniversary – education

National Education Day is celebrated to mark the anniversary of the birth of India’s first education minister, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. He was a key pedagogue who played an important role in the development of the educational system in independent India.

The Ministry of Human Resources Development on September 11, 2008, decided to commemorate the anniversary of Maulana Azad’s birth by celebrating the National Education Day on November 11 of each year. “The Ministry has decided to commemorate the birthday of this great son of India by remembering his contribution to the cause of education in India,” reads the announcement from the Ministry of HRD.

Azad, during his tenure in the Ministry of Education, promoted research in oriental learning and literature and established the three academies to develop the fine arts. He also started the work of compiling technical terms in Hindi on a large scale.

Some of the important boards / commissions established by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad during his tenure are:

Commission for University Scholarships

2.All India Council for Technical Education

3.Kharagpur Higher Education Institute

4.The university education commission

5.The secondary education commission

The Prime Minister of Education of Independent India, Maulana Abul Kalam, also contributed to the establishment of educational institutes such as Jamia Millia Islamia and IIT Kharagpur. She strongly advocated for the education of women and free and compulsory primary education for children up to 14 years of age. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad passed away on February 22, 1958.


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